In Islam, fasting is observed during the month of Ramadan for almost 29-30 days. Fasting is observed for Allah, during this month. This year fasting starts on April 3, 2022 and ends on May 2, 2022 depending on the visibility of crescent.
Fasting is kept by eating and saying the Prayer (Niyah-Intention) in the morning before dawn. Fasting is completed by saying a Prayer (Dua-Small Prayer) at sunset and eating light food. Between the sunrise and sunset, you should not eat or drink. Non-Muslims, if they wish, can offer 5 times Salah (Islamic Prayer) on that whole day when they observe the fast. For Muslims, it is obligatory to pray 5 times a day, whether it is on Fasting or not. Fasting is obligatory on all the Muslims who has reached the age of puberty. Fasting commanded by Allah in the Quran from Chapter 2, Verse 185
“The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.”
- Saheeh International Version
What is Niyah, Dua, Salah, Sahar, Iftar?
Niyah – Intention – A small prayer to Allah mentioning your intention and desire to Fast.
Dua – Supplication – A small prayer to Allah mentioning that you are going to complete the Fast.
Salah – Prayer – Islamic Prayers.
Sahar – The time you eat in the morning before sunrise to keep Fast.
Iftar – The time you eat in the evening to break your Fast.
Please, download the Fasting and Prayer Timetable, provided in this page.
Download Daily Prayer Timetable
Download Fasting Timetable
FASTING, STEP BY STEP PROCEDURE
1. Note the Fasting Start Time (Sahar End Time) on the Fasting Timetable. Prepare the food the night before. Fasting Start Time is usually 10 mins before the Morning Prayer Time (Fajr Prayer).
2. Wake up 1 hour before the Fasting Start Time, the day you are Fasting. Brush your teeth and finish any chores. Eat your meal, comfortably. Don’t overeat. Eat up to 80%-90% including water. Your meals menu should be your regular lunch menu that you eat in your home (Veg or Non-Veg). If non-veg, eat only Halal Meat, which you get from meat shop run by Muslims. Eat more Dates that will give energy throughout the day.
3. Don't be nervous, Fasting is easy. Allah will make it so easy for you.
4. 10 mins before the start time of the Fasting, finish all your food and complete by drinking enough water.
5. Now, you can say your Niyah (Intention – Small Prayer) as mentioned below. to start your Fasting. You can say the Transliteration or in English or Tamil Version, all are accepted.
وَبِصَوْمِ غَدٍ نَّوَيْتُ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ
Wa bisawmi ghadinn nawwaiytu min shahri ramadan
I intend to keep fast for the month of Ramadan for Allah.
6. Once you have completed your Niyah Prayer, your Fasting starts. You should not eat or drink anything thereafter. You can swallow the saliva, that is ok.
7. (Optional) Do Fajr-Prayer at the Morning time, if you have a muslim friend ask him/her to help with prayer.
8. (Optional) Do Dhuhr-Prayer at the Afternoon time (see the Daily Prayer Timetable).
9. (Optional) Do the Asr-Prayer at the early evening time (see the Daily Prayer Timetable).
10. For breaking the Fast prepare the meals with Dates, Light Snacks, Fruit Juice, Idli, Dosai, Vadai, Chutney, Sambar, Halal Chicken or Halal Mutton specialities.
11. Now, you are going to break the Fast. Note the Fast-breaking time (Iftar Time) from the Fasting Timetable. It will be usually on the evening prayer time (Maghrib Prayer Time). Make sure you wait till the breaking time. You can even delay 2 or 5 mins after the breaking time to break the Fast.
12. Get ready 5 or 10 mins before the Fast-Breaking Time with your food and stay calm.
13. Before breaking the Fast you can Dua to Allah for yourself (Pray to Allah for you in your language). It can be about you, your parents, your friends Health, Education, Money, Better Life anything you want. Allah will bless you with the prosperity you desire. Inshallah. Ameen.
14. When the Fast-Breaking Time comes. Say the Dua (Fast Breaking Prayer) mentioned below to complete the your Fast. You can say the Transliteration or in English or Tamil Version, all are accepted.
اللَّهُمَّ اِنِّى لَكَ صُمْتُ وَبِكَ امنْتُ وَعَليْكَ تَوَكّلتُ وَ عَلى رِزْقِكَ اَفْطَرْتُ
Allahumma inni laka sumtu wa bika aamantu wa alayka tawakkaltu wa ala rizq-ika-aftartu.
O Allah! I fasted for You and I believe in You and I put my trust in You and I break my fast with Your sustenance
15. Now you can eat by starting with Dates and Juice and finish your meal. Don’t eat too much that is not good for health and it defeats the purpose of Fasting. Breaking Fast is called IFTAR. Congratulations, you have successfully completed your First Fasting (Alhamdulillah – All praise is due to Allah). Similarly, complete other days Fasting.
16. After, finishing your meal. (optional) do evening prayer (Maghrib Prayer) And also do the Night Prayer (Isha Prayer).
17. Have a light Dinner and do the same for the next day Fasting
Complete all the 30 days Fasting and Celebrate Ramadan. May Allah give you Guidance in all your Endeavors. Ameen.
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Actions that Invalidates Fasting
- Eating or Drinking water in between Fasting.
- Drinking Alcohol or Alcohol in blood at the time of Fasting.
- Smoking Cigarette or using Intoxicants.